Flowering Plants Visited
by Xylocopa virginica


Xylocopa virginica Drury: Anthophoridae (Xylocopini), Hymenoptera
(observations are from Robertson, Graenicher, Hilty, Mitchell, Stephenson, Baskin, Baskin, & Quarterman, [BBQ], Clinebell & Bernhardt, Clinebell, Bernhardt, Macior, Luer, Conger, Cane et al., Motten, Ott, Steury et al., Smith et al., Grundel et al., Tuell et al., Discover Life, Reynolds et al., Levin, and Wilhelm & Rericha; this bees often perforates the base of large corollas to steal nectar from flowers)

Anacardiaceae: Rhus glabra [unsp] fq (Smh); Apiaceae: 
Angelica atropurpurea (WR); Asclepiadaceae: Asclepias incarnata [plup sn fq] (Tll), Asclepias viridis [plup sn] (Smh); Asteraceae: Arnoglossum muhlenbergii sn cp (Gr), Aster sp. fq (Smh), Aster furcatus sn cp (Gr), Aster laevis sn cp (Gr), Aster novae-angliae sn cp (Gr), Aster patens (SDO), Aster pilosus (SDO), Aster prenanthoides sn (Gr), Aster puniceus sn cp (Gr), Bidens aristosa (Smh), Cirsium sp. (Smh), Echinacea purpurea sn (Rb, Cl), Erigeron philadelphicus (Smh), Eupatoriadelphus purpureus sn (Gr), Eupatorium altissimum sn (H), Euthamia graminifolia sn cp (Gr), Helenium autumnale sn cp (Gr), Helianthus giganteus sn (Gr), Helianthus strumosus sn cp (Gr), Liatris sp. (Smh), Liatris cylindracea (Gnd), Liatris pycnostachya (Cl), Liatris spicata fq (SDO, Smh, Gnd), Mikania scandens (Smh), Oligoneuron rigidum (H), Pluchea camphorata (Smh), Ratibida pinnata sn (Gr, Smh, Tll), Rudbeckia hirta fq (Smh), Senecio anonymus fq (Smh), Silphium integrifolium (H), Silphium laciniatum (Smh), Solidago sp. (Smh), Solidago riddellii (Tll), Solidago speciosa (Gnd, Tll), Vernonia gigantea (DL); Berberidaceae: Podophyllum peltatum cp/exp (Mtt); Bignoniaceae: Catalpa speciosa sn cp (St); Cactaceae: Opuntia humifusa (Mch); Caesalpiniaceae: Chamaecrista fasciculata [unsp] (Smh); Caprifoliaceae: Lonicera oblongifolia sn (Gr), Lonicera tartarica sn (Gr), Symphoricarpos albus sn (Gr); Caryophyllaceae: Silene caroliniana fq (Ry); Convolvulaceae: Cuscuta glomerata sn/cp (WR); Cornaceae: Cornus drummondii (Smh), Cornus obliqua sn cp (Rb); Ericaceae: Vaccinium corymbosum (Gnd), Vaccinium stamineum sn cp fq (Cn); Euphorbiaceae: Xylocopa virginica (Gnd); Fabaceae: Amorpha canescens (WR), Astragalus tennesseenis sn (BBQ), Dalea candida fq (Smh), Dalea purpurea sn fq (Rb, Smh), Melilotus alba sn (Rb), Melilotus officinalis fq (Smh), Tephrosia virginiana (Gnd); Gentianaceae: Sabatia campestris (Smh); Grossulariaceae: Ribes cynosbati sn (Gr); Hippocastanaceae: Aesculus glabra (WR), Aesculus parviflora sn (WR); Iridaceae: Sisyrinchium sp. (Smh); Lamiaceae: Blephilia ciliata (Cng, Smh), Mentha sp. (Smh), Monarda fistulosa fq (Cl), Monarda punctata fq (Tll), Prunella vulgaris fq (Smh), Pycnanthemum tenuifolium (Smh), Salvia azurea sn (H), Salvia lyrata (Smh), Teucrium canadense (Cng); Liliaceae: Allium cernuum (WR), Clintonia borealis sn cp (Gr), Polygonatum pubescens sn (Gr); Lythraceae: Lythrum alatum (Lvn), Lythrum salicaria (Lvn); Mimosaceae: Desmanthus illinoensis (Smh), Schrankia nuttallii cp (Bht); Onagraceae: Ludwigia alternifolia (Ott); Orchidaceae: Calopogon tuberosus exp (Lu); Papaveraceae: Sanguinaria canadensis cp (Mtt); Portulacaceae: Claytonia virginica (Mtt); Ranunculaceae: Delphinium tricorne prf sn@prf fq np (Mc); Rosaceae: Amelanchier humilis sn cp (WR), Prunus angustifolia (Smh), Rosa sp. cp (Smh), Rosa multiflora cp (SDO); Rubiaceae: Hedyotis nigricans (Smh); Salicaceae: Salix discolor [unsp sn] (Gr); Scrophulariaceae: Agalinis purpurea prf sn@prf np (WR), Dasistoma macrophylla (Smh), Mimulus ringens sn (Cng), Penstemon cobaea purpureus prf sn@prf np (CB), Penstemon digitalis prf sn@prf np (H), Penstemon grandiflorus prf sn@prf np (CB), Penstemon hirsutus (Tll), Veronicastrum virginicum (Cl); Typhaceae: Typha latifolia cp (WR); Verbenaceae: Verbena stricta sn (Rb)


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