Flower-Visiting Insects
and Hummingbirds
of Butterfly Milkweed


Asclepias tuberosa (Butterfly Milkweed)
(Insects & hummingbirds suck nectar; observations are from Hilty, Betz, Evans, Petersen, Moure & Hurd, LaBerge, Herms, Grundel & Pavlovic, MacRae, and Swengle & Swengel as indicated below, otherwise they are from Robertson)

With pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera fq; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes communis, Melissodes tepaneca; Megachilidae (Anthidinini): Anthidium maculifrons; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochloropsis metallica metallica

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans, Ammophila procera, Prionyx thomae, Sphex ichneumonea

Flies
Tachinidae: Spallanzania hesperidarum

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Speyeria cybele, Speyeria idalia; Pieridae: Colias philodice; Papilionidae: Battus philenor, Papilio polyxenes asterias, Papilio troilus

Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis

Without pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis fq, Megachile montivaga

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Prionyx atrata

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus, Phyciodes tharos; Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas, Lycaena hyllus, Satyrium titus; Papilionidae: Papilio glaucus

Pollinia Presence Unspecified:

Birds
Trochilidae: Archilochus colubris (H)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera (Btz); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus pensylvanica (Btz) fq; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla (Ev); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes agilis (Pt), Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata (LB); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis (Btz), Megachile latimanus (Ev), Megachile mendica (Ev); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades carinatum (Ev)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochlorella persimilis (MH), Augochlorella striata (MH), Augochloropsis metallica metallica (Ev), Halictus confusus (Ev), Halictus rubicunda (Ev), Lasioglossum pectoralis (Ev), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus (Ev); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes simulans armatus (Btz); Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis (Ev)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Sphex ichneumonea (Btz)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus (Btz, H); Lycaenidae: Lycaeides melissa samuelis fq (GP, Hm, Sw), Satyrium titus (Btz); Papilionidae: Papilio polyxenes asterias (H)

Beetles
Buprestidae: Acmaeodera pulchella (McR)

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Lygaeus kalmii (Btz) fq


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