Flower-Visiting Insects
of Purple Coneflower

Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar, beetles feed on pollen or suck nectar, other insects suck nectar; observations are from Robertson, Moure & Hurd, Hilty, Clinebell, and Williams as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn fq (Rb); Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis (Cl), Bombus auricomus sn (Rb), Bombus fraternus sn (Rb), Bombus griseocallis sn fq (Rb, Cl), Bombus impatiens sn (Rb, Cl), Bombus nevadensis (Cl), Bombus pensylvanica sn (Rb), Psithyrus variabilis sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Cl), Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp (Rb); Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Triepeolus concavus sn (Rb); Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn (Rb), Melissodes desponsa sn (Rb), Svastra obliqua obliqua sn cp fq (Rb); Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn (Rb, Cl); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn (Rb), Megachile inimica sayi sn (Rb), Megachile petulans sn cp (Rb); Megachilidae (Osmiini): Ashmeadiella bucconis sn cp (Rb); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades sp. (Cl)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon virescens sn cp (Rb, Cl), Augochlorella sp. (Cl), Halictus ligatus sn cp fq (Rb, C), Lasioglossum sp. (Cl), Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp (Rb), Lasioglossum obscurus (MH), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn cp (Rb), Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp (Rb), Lasioglossum pruinosus (Cl), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp (Rb); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus albitarsis sn cp (Rb)

Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachytes aurulenta (Rb); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans (Rb), Ammophila procera (Rb)

Empidae: Empis clausa (Rb); Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa sp. (Cl), Exoprosopa decora (Rb), Exoprosopa fasciata (Rb), Poeciloanthrax alcyon (Rb), Rhynchanthrax parvicornis (Rb), Systoechus vulgaris (Rb); Conopidae: Zodion obliquefasciatum (Rb)

Nymphalidae: Chlosyne nycteis (Rb), Danaus plexippus (Rb, H), Euptoieta claudia (Rb), Speyeria cybele (Rb, Cl), Vanessa atalanta (H), Vanessa cardui (Rb, H), Vanessa virginiensis (Rb); Pieridae: Colias philodice (Rb), Pieris rapae (Rb), Pontia protodice (Rb); Papilionidae: Battus philenor (Cl), Papilio glaucus (Rb, H, Cl), Papilio troilus (Rb)

Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus (Cl), Erynnis horatius (Cl), Hylephila phyleus (Cl), Polites peckius (Cl), Thorybes bathyllus (Rb)

Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis (Cl)

Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus (Wms)