Flower-Visiting Insects
of Purple Coneflower


Echinacea purpurea (Purple Coneflower)
(Bees collect pollen or suck nectar, other insects suck nectar; some observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Moure & Hurd, Hilty, and Clinebell as indicated below)

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus affinis (Cl), Bombus auricomus sn, Bombus fraternus sn, Bombus griseocallis sn fq (Rb, Cl), Bombus impatiens sn (Rb, Cl), Bombus nevadensis (Cl), Bombus pensylvanica sn, Psithyrus variabilis sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina sp. (Cl), Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Triepeolus concavus sn; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata sn, Melissodes desponsa sn, Svastra obliqua obliqua sn cp fq; Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica sn (Rb, Cl); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis sn, Megachile inimica sayi sn, Megachile petulans sn cp; Megachilidae (Osmiini): Ashmeadiella bucconis sn cp; Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades sp. (Cl)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon virescens sn cp (Rb, Cl), Augochlorella sp. (Cl), Halictus ligatus sn cp fq (Rb, C), Lasioglossum sp. (Cl), Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp, Lasioglossum obscurus (MH), Lasioglossum pectoralis sn cp, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp, Lasioglossum pruinosus (Cl), Lasioglossum versatus sn cp; Andrenidae (Panurginae): Heterosarus albitarsis sn cp

Wasps
Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachytes aurulenta; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans, Ammophila procera

Flies
Empidae: Empis clausa; Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa sp. (Cl), Exoprosopa decora, Exoprosopa fasciata, Poeciloanthrax alcyon, Rhynchanthrax parvicornis, Systoechus vulgaris; Conopidae: Zodion obliquefasciatum

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Chlosyne nycteis, Danaus plexippus (Rb, H), Euptoieta claudia, Speyeria cybele (Rb, Cl), Vanessa atalanta (H), Vanessa cardui (Rb, H), Vanessa virginiensis; Pieridae: Colias philodice, Pieris rapae, Pontia protodice; Papilionidae: Battus philenor (Cl), Papilio glaucus (Rb, H, Cl), Papilio troilus

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Epargyreus clarus (Cl), Erynnis horatius (Cl), Hylephila phyleus (Cl), Polites peckius (Cl), Thorybes bathyllus

Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis (Cl)


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