Flower-Visiting Insects
of Smooth Sumac


Rhus glabra (Smooth Sumac)
(On staminate flowers, bees suck nectar or collect pollen, other insects suck nectar primarily; on pistillate flowers, all insects suck nectar; on flowers of unspecified gender, insect activity is mostly unspecified; some observations are from Krombein et al., Graenicher, MacRae, Lisberg & Young, Smith et al., and Kopper et al. as indicated below, otherwise they are from Robertson)

On staminate flowers:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocallis sn cp; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla sn cp; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys sayi sn; Megachilidae (Stelidini): Stelis lateralis sn; Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades leavitti sn cp fq

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn cp, Agapostemon virescens sn cp, Augochlorella striata sn cp, Halictus rubicunda sn cp fq, Lasioglossum cinctipes sn cp fq, Lasioglossum fuscipennis sn cp, Lasioglossum imitatus sn cp fq, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn cp, Lasioglossum pruinosus sn cp, Lasioglossum versatus sn cp fq, Lasioglossum zephyrus sn cp fq; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes dichroa sn; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes aestivalis sn, Colletes eulophi sn fq, Colletes nudus sn; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis sn cp, Hylaeus illinoisensis sn; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena cressonii sn cp, Andrena nigrifrons sn cp, Andrena nuda sn, Andrena robertsonii sn cp fq

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bicyrtes ventralis sn; Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Lestica confluentus sn, Oxybelus emarginatus sn; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris compar sn, Cerceris fumipennis sn, Cerceris insolita sn, Cerceris rufopicta sn fq, Philanthus gibbosus sn; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi sn; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Ancistrocerus campestris sn, Euodynerus annulatus sn, Monobia quadridens sn, Zethus spinipes sn

Flies
Stratiomyidae: Stratiomys meigenii sn, Stratiomys normula sn; Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua sn, Ceriana abbreviata sn, Eristalis dimidiatus sn, Eristalis flavipes sn, Eristalis tenax sn, Eristalis transversus sn, Eupeodes americanus sn, Mallota bautias sn, Mallota posticata sn, Ocyptamus fuscipennis sn, Orthonevra nitida sn, Sphaerophoria contiqua sn, Sphegina rufiventris sn, Syrphus ribesii sn, Toxomerus geminatus sn, Toxomerus marginatus sn fq; Empididae: Empis clausa sn fq; Bombyliidae: Bombylius atriceps sn, Hemipenthes sinuosa fp, Villa alternata sn; Conopidae: Physocephala tibialis sn, Physoconops brachyrhynchus sn, Zodion americanum sn, Zodion fulvifrons sn; Tachinidae: Cylindromyia euchenor sn, Lixophaga variabilis sn, Siphona geniculata sn; Calliphoridae: Lucilia illustris sn; Muscidae: Limnophora narona sn, Morellia micans sn

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Megisto cymela sn; Lycaenidae: Celastrina argiolus sn, Satyrium calanus sn

On pistillate flowers:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera sn fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus auricomus sn; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina calcarata sn, Ceratina dupla dupla sn

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea sn, Agapostemon virescens sn, Augochlorella aurata sn, Halictus confusus sn, Halictus parallelus sn, Halictus rubicunda sn fq, Lasioglossum imitatus sn fq, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus sn, Lasioglossum pruinosus sn, Lasioglossum tegularis sn, Lasioglossum versatus sn fq, Lasioglossum zephyrus sn fq; Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes eulophi sn fq, Colletes willistoni sn fq; Colletidae (Hylaeninae): Hylaeus mesillae sn; Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena crataegi sn, Andrena robertsonii sn fq

Wasps
Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Oxybelus emarginatus sn, Oxybelus mexicanus sn; Sphecidae (Pemphredoninae): Mimesa cressonii sn; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris compacta sn fq, Cerceris rufopicta sn fq; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila kennedyi sn, Ammophila procera sn, Isodontia apicalis sn, Prionyx thomae sn; Pompilidae: Anoplius marginatus sn; Vespidae: Polistes fuscata sn; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Stenodynerus anormis sn fq; Braconidae: Vipio robertsonii sn (Ashmead, MS)

Flies
Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua sn, Eristalis arbustorum sn, Syritta pipiens sn, Toxomerus marginatus sn fq; Conopidae: Physocephala tibialis sn; Tachinidae: Acroglossum hesperidarum sn, Archytas analis sn fq, Archytas aterrima sn, Belvosia bifasciata sn, Cylindromyia euchenor sn, Deopalpus hirsutus sn, Tachinomyia panaetius sn; Sarcophagidae: Amobia floridensis sn, Blaesoxipha hunteri sn, Helicobia rapax sn, Ravinia anxia sn, Ravinia derelicta sn, Sarcophaga sinuata sn; Muscidae: Neomyia cornicina sn, Stomoxys calcitrans sn; Anthomyiidae: Delia platura sn; Fanniidae: Fannia manicata sn

Beetles
Mordellidae: Mordella melaena sn

Flower Gender Unspecified:

Bees (long-tongued)
Anthophoridae (Xylocopini): Xylocopa virginica fq (Smh); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile albitarsis (Smh); Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades carinatum (Kr)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Halictus confusus (Smh), Halictus ligatus (Smh), Halictus rubicundus (Smh), Lasioglossum imitatum fq (Smh), Lasioglossum tegulare (Smh); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes aestivalis (Kr), Colletes nudus (Kr), Colletes producta (Kr), Colletes willistoni (Kr); Andrenidae (Andreninae): Andrena hippotes (Kr), Andrena ilicis (Kr), Andrena nigrifrons (Kr), Andrena spiraeana (Kr); Andrenidae (Panurginae): Calliopsis andreniformis sn (Kr)

Flies
Bombyliidae: Villa alternata sn (Gr)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Speyeria idalia sn (KMC)

Beetles
Buprestidae: Anthaxia flavimana (McR); Mordellidae: Mordella marginata (LY)


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