Flower-Visiting Insects
of Whorled Milkweed


Asclepias verticillata (Whorled Milkweed)
(Insects suck nectar; some observations are from Robertson, otherwise they are from Betz, Moure & Hurd, Hilty, Grundel & Pavlovic, Willson & Bertin, and Swengel & Swengel as indicated below)

With pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera fq; Apidae (Bombini): Bombus griseocallis fq, Bombus impatiens, Psithyrus citrinus; Anthophoridae (Ceratinini): Ceratina dupla dupla fq; Anthophoridae (Epeolini): Triepeolus lunatus concolor; Anthophoridae (Eucerini): Melissodes bimaculata bimaculata fq; Megachilidae (Coelioxini): Coelioxys octodentata; Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile brevis brevis fq; Megachilidae (Trypetini): Heriades variolosa variolosa

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Augochloropsis metallica metallica, Halictus confusus, Halictus rubicunda, Lasioglossum forbesii, Lasioglossum pilosus pilosus, Lasioglossum versatus; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes dichroa, Sphecodes stygius; Colletidae (Hylaeinae): Hylaeus affinis

Wasps
Sphecidae (Astatinae): Astata unicolor; Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix nubilipennis; Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Anacrabro ocellatus, Ectemnius rufifemur fq; Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachytes aurulenta, Tachytes distinctus, Tachytes pepticus fq; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris bicornuta, Cerceris clypeata fq, Cerceris compacta fq, Cerceris frontata, Cerceris rufopicta, Eucerceris fulvipes; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Isodontia apicalis, Prionyx thomae, Sphex ichneumonea fq, Sphex pensylvanica fq; Vespidae: Polistes fuscata; Vespidae (Eumeninae): Eumenes fraterna, Euodynerus annulatus fq, Euodynerus foraminatus, Stenodynerus anormis; Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta fq; Scoliidae: Scolia bicincta; Pompilidae: Anoplius illinoensis, Anoplius lepidus, Cryptocheilus terminatus, Entypus fulvicornis, Poecilopompilus algidus

Sawflies
Argidae: Arge humeralis

Flies
Mydidae: Mydas clavatus; Syrphidae: Eristalis latifrons, Syritta pipiens, Tropidia quadrata; Conopidae: Physocephala texana, Physocephala tibialis; Tachinidae: Archytas analis, Cylindromyia euchenor, Euclytia flava, Linnaemya comta, Spallanzania hesperidarum, Xanthomelanodes arcuatus; Sarcophagidae: Sphixapata trilineata fq; Muscidae: Neomyia cornicina; Calliphoridae: Cochliomyia macellaria, Phormia regina

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Polites peckius, Staphylus hayhurstii

Without pollinia:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Bombini): Bombus pensylvanica

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Agapostemon sericea, Lasioglossum albipennis, Lasioglossum imitatus; Halictidae (Sphecodini): Sphecodes cressonii

Wasps
Sphecidae (Crabroninae): Lestica confluentus, Oxybelus mexicanus; Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris finitima; Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Ammophila nigricans, Prionyx atrata, Sceliphron caementaria; Sapygidae: Sapyga interrupta; Chrysididae: Holopyga ventrale

Flies
Syrphidae: Allograpta obliqua, Eristalis arbustorum, Eristalis transversus, Orthonevra nitida, Paragus bicolor, Sphaerophoria contiqua, Toxomerus marginatus, Toxomerus politus; Empidae: Empis clausa; Bombyliidae: Exoprosopa fasciata, Systoechus vulgaris; Conopidae: Physoconops brachyrhynchus; Tachinidae: Copecrypta ruficauda, Gnadochaeta globosa, Gymnoclytia occidua, Paradidyma spinosula, Phasia purpurascens, Plagiomima spinosula, Siphoplagia flaccidirostris (Robertson, MS), Trichopoda pennipes; Sarcophagidae: Gymnoprosopa polita, Helicobia rapax, Sarcophaga sinuata, Senotainia rubriventris; Muscidae: Graphomya americana, Limnophora narona; Anthomyiidae: Calythea nigricans; Sepsidae: Sepsis violacea

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Phyciodes tharos, Speyeria cybele, Vanessa atalanta; Lycaenidae: Everes comyntas; Lycaena hyllus; Pieridae: Colias philodice, Pieris rapae; Papilionidae: Papilio cresphontes

Skippers
Hesperiidae: Achalarus lyciades, Pholisora catullus, Polites themistocles, Pompeius verna

Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis

Beetles
Cerambycidae: Typocerus sinuatus; Rhipiphoridae: Macrosiagon limbata; Scarabaeidae (Cetonniae): Trichiotinus piger

Plant Bugs
Phymatidae: Phymata fasciatus prd

Pollinia Presence Unspecified:

Bees (long-tongued)
Apidae (Apinae): Apis mellifera fq (Btz, WB); Apidae (Bombinae): Bombus bimaculatus (WB), Bombus griseocallis (Btz, WB), Bombus impatiens (WB), Bombus pensylvanica (WB), Bombus terricola (WB); Megachilidae (Megachilini): Megachile latimanus (Btz)

Bees (short-tongued)
Halictidae (Halictinae): Lasioglossum pectoralis (MH); Colletidae (Colletinae): Colletes compactus (Btz)

Wasps
Sphecidae (Bembicinae): Bembix nubilipennis (Btz); Sphecidae (Larrinae): Tachytes aurulenta (Btz); Sphecidae (Philanthinae): Cerceris sp. (WB); Sphecidae (Sphecinae): Prionyx atrata fq (Btz, WB), Sphex ichneumonea (Btz, H, WB), Sphex pensylvanica (Btz); Tiphiidae: Myzinum quinquecincta fq (Btz, WB); Vespidae: Polistes fuscata fq (Btz, WB); Ichneumonidae: Ceratogastra ornata (Btz)

Flies
Tachinidae: Archytas apicifer (WB)

Butterflies
Nymphalidae: Danaus plexippus (WB), Junonia coenia (H), Phyciodes tharos (WB), Vanessa cardui (H); Lyacenidae: Everes comyntas (H), Lycaeides melissa samuelis (GP, Sw); Pieridae: Pieris rapae fq (WB)


Moths
Ctenuchidae: Cisseps fulvicollis fq (WB); Noctuidae: Agrotis ipsilon (WB), Anagrapha falcifera (WB), Autographa precationis (WB), Caenurgina sp. (WB); Sesiidae: Melittia cucurbitae (H)

Beetles
Cantharidae: Chauliognathus pennsylvanicus fq (H, WB)

Plant Bugs
Lygaeidae: Lygaeus kalmii (WB)


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