List of Flora
for Ditches

   –––– Ditch Flora ––––
Scientific Name Common Name
Alisma subcordatum Water Plantain
Alisma triviale Large-Flowered Water Plantain
Ammannia coccinea Scarlet Toothcup
Apocynum cannabinum Common Dogbane
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed
Aster lanceolatus Panicled Aster
Bacopa rotundifolia Water Hyssop
Barbarea vulgaris * Yellow Rocket
Bidens spp. Beggarticks, Swamp Marigolds, etc.
Bidens cernua Nodding Swamp Marigold
Bidens frondosa Common Beggar's Ticks
Bidens vulgata Tall Beggar's Ticks
Cannabis sativa * Marijuana
Carex spp. Sedges
Carex aquatilis substricta Aquatic Sedge
Carex comosa Porcupine Sedge
Carex cristatella Round-Headed Sedge
Carex frankii Frank's Sedge
Carex hyalinolepis Ditch Sedge
Carex molesta Troublesome Sedge
Carex pellita
(syn. Carex lanuginosa)
Woolly Sedge
Carex praegracilis ** Expressway Sedge
Carex stipata Spongy Sedge
Carex tribuloides Blunt Broom Sedge
Carex vulpinoidea Foxtail Sedge
Cicuta maculata Water Hemlock
Commelina diffusa Creeping Day Flower
Conium maculatum * Poison Hemlock
Cyperus erythrorhizos Red-Rooted Flat-sedge
Cyperus esculentus Yellow Nut Sedge
Cyperus strigosus Straw-Colored Flat-Sedge
Cyperus squarrosus
(syn. Cyperus aristatus)
Awned Flat-Sedge
Echinochloa crus-galli * Barnyard Grass
Echinochloa muricata Barnyard Grass
Echinodorus berteroi Bur-Head sp.
Echinodorus cordifolius Creeping Bur-Head
Echinodorus stenellus Small Bur-Head
Eclipta prostrata Yerba de Tajo
Eleocharis spp. Miscellaneous Spike-Rushes
Elodea canadensis Common Waterweed
Epilobium hirsutum * Hairy Willow-Herb
Equisetum arvensis Common Horsetail
Equisetum fluviatile Water Horsetail
Equisteum hyamale affinis Scouring Rush
Erianthus giganteus Sugarcane Plume Grass
Erianthus strictus Narrow Plume Grass
Erigeron philadelphicus Marsh Fleabane
Eupatorium coelestinum Mistflower
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common Boneset
Gratiola virginiana Hedge Hyssop
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed
Helianthus grosseserratus Saw-toothed Sunflower
Heteranthera multiflora Mud Plantain sp.
Impatiens capensis Orange Jewelweed
Impatiens pallida Yellow Jewelweed
Iris pseudacorus * Yellow Iris
Iris virginica shrevei Southern Blue Flag
Isoetes melanopoda Black-Based Quillwort
Iva annua Marsh Elder (or Sumpweed)
Iva xanthifolia Marsh Elder (or Sumpweed)
Juncus acuminatus Pointed Rush
Juncus brachycarpus Short-Fruited Rush
Juncus bufonius Toad Rush
Juncus dudleyi Dudley's Rush
Juncus diffusissimus Long-Fruited Rush
Juncus effusus Soft Rush
Juncus interior Inland Rush
Juncus marginatus Grass-Leaved Rush
Juncus nodatus Stout Rush
Juncus torreyi Torrey's Rush
Leersia oryzoides Rice Cut Grass
Lemna minor Lesser Duckweed
Ludwigia palustris Marsh Purslane
Ludwigia polycarpa False Loosestrife
Mimulus ringens Monkey Flower
Muhlenbergia frondosa Common Satin Grass
Myosotis scorpioides * Forget-Me-Not
Myosoton aquaticum * Water Chickweed
Myriophyllum spp. Water Milfoil spp.
Paspalum laeve Smooth Bead Grass
Paspalum lentiferum Bead Grass sp.
Paspalum publiflorum glabrum Bead Grass sp.
Penthorum sedoides Ditch Stonecrop
Persicaria hydropiper * Water Pepper
Persicaria lapathifolia Pale Smartweed
Persicaria punctata Dotted Smartweed
Persicaria vulgaris * Lady's Thumb
Phalaris arundinacea Reed Canary Grass
Phragmites australis ** Common Reed
Phyla lanceolata Fogfruit (or Frogfruit)
Potamogeton spp. Pondweed spp.
Proserpinacea palustris Mermaid Weed
Ranunculus ambigens Spearwort sp.
Ranunculus flabellaris Yellow Water Crowfoot
Ranunculus laxicaulis Spearwort sp.
Ranunculus pusillus Small Spearwort
Ranunculus sceleratus Cursed Crowfoot
Rorippa palustris Common Yellow Cress
Rorippa sessiliflora Sessile-Flowered Yellow Cress
Rorippa sylvestris * Creeping Yellow Cress
Rotala ramosior Wheelwort
Ruppia cirrhosa ** Ditch Grass
Rumex altissimus Pale Dock
Sagittaria spp. Arrowhead spp.
Sagittaria latifolia Common Arrowhead
Salix interior Sandbar Willow
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
(syn. Scirpus validus)
Great Bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens Dark Green Bulrush
Senecio glabellus Butterweed
Sparganium spp. Bur-Reed spp.
Sparganium eurycarpum Giant Bur-Reed
Spartina pectinata Prairie Cordgrass
Spirodela polyrhiza Greater Duckweed
Teucrium canadense American Germander
Thalia dealbata Fireflag
Typha angustifolia ** Narrow-Leaved Cattail
Typha latifolia Common Cattail
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain
Veronica comosa
(syn. Veronica catenata)
Water Speedwell
Zanichellia palustris Horned Pondweed

*not native, **tolerates road salt, deep ditches, sandy ditches

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