List of Flora
for Marshes

  ––––Marsh Flora–––– 
Scientific Names Common Names
Acorus calamus
(including Acorus americanus)
Sweet Flag
Agrimonia parviflora * Swamp Agrimony
Alisma subcordatum Water Plantain
Alisma triviale Large-Flowered Water Plantain
Alopecurus aequalis Foxtail sp.
Alopecurus caroliniana Common Foxtail
Apocynum cannabinum (including Apocynum sibiricum) Common Dogbane
Arnoglossum plantagineum Prairie Indian Plantain
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed
Aster lanceolatus Panicled Aster
Aster praealtus Willow Aster
Atriplex prostrata ** Common Orache
Bacopa rotundifolia Water Hyssop
Berula erecta Low Water Parsnip
Bidens aristosa Swamp Marigold
Bidens cernua Nodding Bur-Marigold
Bidens coronata Tall Swamp Marigold
Bidens polylepis Large-Bracted Swamp Marigold
Bolboschoenus fluviatilis
(syn. Scirpus fluviatilis)
River Bulrush
Bolboschoenus maritimus **
(syn. Scirpus paludosus)
Bayonet Grass
Boltonia asterioides False Aster
Boltonia decurrens * Decurrent False Aster
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint Grass
Calamagrostis inexpansa Northern Reed Grass
Campanula aparinoides
(including Campanula uliginosa)
Marsh Bellflower
Carex aquatilis substricta Aquatic Sedge
Carex atherodes Sedge sp.
Carex baileyi Bailey's Sedge
Carex bebbii Bebb's Sedge
Carex buxbaumii Buxbaum's Sedge
Carex crawfordii Crawford's Sedge
Carex crinita Fringed Sedge
Carex lacustris  Lake Sedge
Carex laeviconica Plains Slough Sedge
Carex lasiocarpa Hairy-Fruited Sedge
Carex pellita (syn. Carex lanuginosa) Woolly Sedge
Carex stipata Spongy Sedge
Carex stricta Tussock Sedge
Carex trichocarpa Slough Sedge
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush
Chelone glabra White Turtlehead
Cicuta bulbifera * Bulblet Water Hemlock
Cicuta maculata Water Hemlock
Cirsium muticum * Swamp Thistle
Cornus sericea * Red-Osier Dogwood
Cuscuta cephalanthi Buttonbush Dodder
Cuscuta polygonorum Smartweed Dodder
Cyperus spp. Flat-Sedge spp.
Cyperus strigosus Straw-Colored Flat-Sedge
Cyprpedium parviflorum Small Yellow Lady Slipper
Decodon verticillatus Swamp Loosestrife
Doellingeria umbellata * Flat-Topped Aster
Echinochloa muricata Barnyard Grass
Echinochloa walteri Wild Millet
Eleocharis spp. Spikerush spp.
Eleocharis palustris Marsh Spikerush
Epilobium coloratum Cinnamon Willow-Herb
Equisetum fluviatile Water Horsetail
Equisetum hyemale affinis Scouring Rush
Eupatoriadelphus maculatus Spotted Joe-Pye Weed
Eupatorium perfoliatum Common Boneset
Euthamia graminifolia Grass-Leaved Goldenrod
Galium tinctorium Stiff Bedstraw
Galium trifidum Small Bedstraw
Gentiana andrewsii Bottle Gentian
Gentianopsis crinita Fringed Gentian
Glyceria spp. Manna Grass spp.
Glyceria borealis Northern Manna Grass
Glyceria striata Fowl Manna Grass
Gratiola aurea * Goldenpert
Gratiola virginiana Round-Fruited Hedge Hyssop
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed
Helianthus giganteus Giant Sunflower
Hemicarpha drummondii *
(syn. Scirpus micranthus drummondii)
Drummond's Bulrush
Hibiscus laevis
(syn Hibiscus militaris)
Halberd-Leaved Rose-Mallow
Hibiscus lasiocarpos Downy Rose-Mallow
Hibiscus moscheutos Swamp Rose-Mallow
Hydrocotyle ranunculoides Water Pennywort
Hypericum boreale * Northern St. John's Wort
Hypericum canadense * Canada St. John's Wort
Hypericum gymnanthum Small St. John's Wort
Impatiens capensis Orange Jewelweed
Iris brevicaulis Blue Iris
Iris virginica shrevei Southern Blue Flag
Juncus alpinoarticulatus * Alpine Rush
Juncus brachycephalus Short-Headed Rush
Juncus dudleyi Dudley's Rush
Juncus effusus Soft Rush
Juncus nodosus * Knotted Rush
Juncus torreyi Torrey's Rush
Justicia americana Water Willow
Lathyrus palustris Marsh Vetchling
Leersia lenticularis Catchfly Grass
Leersia oryzoides Rice Cut Grass
Lemna minor Lesser Duckweed
Lemna trisulca Star Duckweed
Leptochloa panicoides ** Salt Meadow Grass
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia
Ludwigia peploides glabrescens Creeping Water Primrose
Lycopus spp. Bugleweed spp.
Lycopus americanus Common Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus Northern Bugleweed
Lysimachia quadriflora Prairie Loosestrife
Lysimachia thyrsiflora Tufted Loosestrife
Lythrum alatum Winged Loosestrife
Mentha arvensis villosa Field Mint
Mimulus ringens Monkey Flower
Muhlenbergia racemosa Marsh Muhly
Onoclea sensibilis * Sensitive Fern
Ophioglossum pusillum * Northern Adder's Tongue
Oxypolis rigidior * Cowbane
Paspalum floridanum * Giant Bead Grass
Paspalum fluitans Swamp Bead Grass
Pedicularis lanceolata * Swamp Betony
Penthorum sedoides Ditch Stonecrop
Persicaria spp. Smartweed spp.
Persicaria amphibia Water Smartweed
Persicaria coccinea Swamp Smartweed
Persicaria hydropiperoides Mild Waterpepper
Phalaris arundinacea Reed Canary Grass
Phragmites australis Common Reed
Phyla lanceolata Fogfruit (or Frogfruit)
Plantanthera ciliaris * Orange-Fringed Orchid
Pluchea camphorata Camphorweed (or Stinkweed)
Poa palustris Fowl Bluegrass
Pontederia cordata Pickerelweed
Proserpinaca palustris Mermaid-Weed
Ranunculus cymbalaria ** Seaside Crowfoot
Ranunculus scleratus Cursed Crowfoot
Rhynchospora capillacea * Beak-Rush sp.
Rumex altissimus Pale Dock
Rumex orbiculatus Great Water Dock
Ruppia cirrhosa ** Ditch Grass
Sabatia angularis * Marsh Rose-Pink
Sagittaria spp. Arrowhead spp.
Sagittaria latifolia Common Arrowhead
Salix discolor Pussy Willow
Salix glaucophylloides * Blue-Leaved Willow
Salix interior Sandbar Willow
Salix lucida * Shining Willow
Salix petiolaris Meadow Willow
Salix rigida Heart-Leaved Willow
Salix serissima * Autumn Willow
Sanguisorba canadensis Canada Burnet
Saxifraga penyslvanica Swamp Saxifrage
Sceleria verticillata Whorled Nut-Rush
Schoenoplectus acutus
(syn. Scirpus acutus)
Hard-Stem Bulrush
Schoenoplectus heterochaetus
(syn. Scirpus heterochaetus)
Bulrush sp.
Schoenoplectus pungens
(syn. Scirpus americanus)
Three-Square
Schoenoplectus tabernaemontani
(syn. Scirpus validus)
Great Bulrush
Scirpus atrovirens Dark Green Bulrush
Scirpus cyperinus Wool Grass
Scirpus microcarpus Small-Headed Bulrush
Scutellaria galericulata Marsh Skullcap
Scutellaria lateriflora Mad-Dog Skullcap
Senecio glabellus Butterweed
Sium suave Water Parsnip
Solidago gigantea Giant Goldenrod
Solidago patula Swamp Goldenrod
Sparganium spp. Bur-Reed spp.
Sparganium americanum American Bur-Reed
Sparganium eurycarpum Giant Bur-Reed
Spartina pectinata Prairie Cord Grass
Spiraea alba Meadowsweet
Spiraea tomentosa * Steeplebush
Spiranthes cernua * Nodding Ladies' Tresses
Spirodela polyrhiza Greater Duckweed
Stachys spp. Hedge Nettle spp.
Teucrium canadense American Germander
Thelypteris palustris pubescens * Marsh Fern
Toxicodendron vernix Poison Sumac
Tracaulon arifolium
(syn. Polygonum arifolium)
Halberd-Leaved Tear-Thumb
Tracaulon sagittatum
(syn. Polygonum sagittatum)
Tear-Thumb
Triadenum fraseri * Fraser's Marsh St. John's Wort
Triadenum virginianum * Virginia Marsh St. John's Wort
Typha angustifolia Narrow-Leaved Cattail
Typha latifolia Common Cattail
Utricularia spp. * Bladderwort spp.
Utricularia cornuta * Horned Bladderwort
Utricularia macrorhiza Common Bladderwort
Verbena hastata Blue Vervain
Vernonia fasciculata Common Ironweed
Veronica scutellata Marsh Speedwell
Viola cucullata Marsh Violet
Viola lanceolata * Lance-Leaved Violet
Xyris torta * Twisted Yellow-Eyed Grass
Zizania aquatica Wild Rice

*sandy marsh, ** brackish marsh, typically in shallow water, floating on water

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