List of Flora
for Swamps

 ––––Swamp Flora––––  
Scientific Name Common Name
Acer rubrum drummondii* Drummond's Maple
Acer saccharinum Silver Maple
Agrimonia parviflora Swamp Agrimony
Alnus incana Speckled Alder
Amsonia tabernaemontana Bluestar
Aristolochia hastata * Narrow-Leaved Snakeroot
Asclepias incarnata Swamp Milkweed
Asclepias perennis * White Swamp Milkweed
Aster lanceolatus Panicled Aster
Aster puniceus Swamp Aster
Bidens discoidea Swamp Beggar's Ticks
Bidens vulgata Tall Beggar's Ticks
Brunnichia ovata* Ladies' Ear-Drops
Calamagrostis canadensis Bluejoint Grass
Caltha palustris Marsh Marigold
Calycocarpum lyonii* Cupseed
Cardamine bulbosa Spring Cress
Cardamine pensylvanica Pennsylvania Bitter Cress
Carex amphibola Sedge sp.
Carex bromoides Brome Sedge
Carex conjuncta Soft Fox Sedge
Carex crus-corvi Crowfoot Sedge
Carex decomposita* Cypress Knee Sedge
Carex folliculata Sedge sp.
Carex gigantea* Giant Sedge
Carex grayii Gray's Sedge
Carex intumescens Sedge sp.
Carex laevivaginata Sedge sp.
Carex louisianica Louisiana Sedge
Carex lupuliformis Hop-Like Sedge
Carex lupulina Hop Sedge
Carex muskingumensis Muskingum Sedge
Carex oxylepis Sedge sp.
Carex squarrosa Squarrose Sedge
Carex tribuloides Blunt Broom Sedge
Carex typhina Cattail Sedge
Carya aquatica Water Hickory
Cephalanthus occidentalis Buttonbush
Chelone glabra White Turtlehead
Chelone obliqua speciosa Pink Turtlehead
Clematis crispa* Blue Jasmine
Cinna arundinacea Stout Wood Reed
Cirsium muticum Swamp Thistle
Corallorhiza trifida Early Coralroot
Cornus amomum* Swamp Dogwood
Cornus foemina Stiff Dogwood
Cornus obliqua Silky Dogwood
Cornus sericea Red-Osier Dogwood
Cuscuta cephalanthi Buttonbush Dodder
Cynosciadum digitatum* Cynosciadum sp.
Cypripedium acaule Pink Lady Slipper
Cypripedium reginae Showy Lady Slipper
Dicanthelium joori (syn. Panicum commutatum joori) Joor's Panic Grass
Dicliptera brachiata* Wild Mudwort
Diodia virginiana* Large Buttonweed
Drosera rotundifolia Round-Leaved Sundew
Dryopteris cristata Crested Wood Fern
Dulichium arundinaceum Three-Way Sedge
Epilobium coloratum Cinnamon Willow-Herb
Equisteum sylvaticum Woodland Horsetail
Eupatoriadelphus fistulosus Hollow-Stemmed Joe-Pye Weed
Fleischmannia incarnata Pink Thoroughwort
Forestiera acuminata Swamp Privet
Fraxinus nigra Black Ash
Fraxinus profunda* Pumpkin Ash
Galium aparine Cleavers
Galium asprellum Rough Bedstraw
Galium obtusum Wild Madder
Galium tinctorium Stiff Bedstraw
Gleditsia aquatica* Water Locust
Glyceria arkansana (syn. Glyceria septentrionalis arkansana) Southern Manna Grass
Glyceria septentrionalis Manna Grass
Glyceria striata Fowl Manna Grass
Helianthus tuberosus Jerusalem Artichoke
Helenium autumnale Sneezeweed
Hottonia inflata* Featherfoil
Hydrocotyle americana American Pennywort
Hydrolea uniflora* Mudwort
Hymenocallis caroliniana Spider Lily
Hypericum mutilum Weak-Stemmed St. John's Wort
Hypericum ascyron Great St. John's Wort
Ilex decidua* Swamp Holly
Ilex verticillata Winterberry
Impatiens capensis Orange Jewelweed
Impatiens pallida Yellow Jewelweed
Iodanthus pinnatifidus Purple Rocket
Iris fulva* Copper Iris
Itea virginica* Virginia Sweetspire
Justicia ovata Broad-Leaved Water Willow
Laportea canadensis Wood Nettle
Leersia lenticularis Catchfly Grass
Lemna minor Lesser Duckweed
Limnobium spongia* Sponge Plant
Liparis loeseli Green Twayblade
Lobelia cardinalis Cardinal Flower
Lobelia siphilitica Great Blue Lobelia
Ludwigia glandulosa* False Loosestrife
Lycopodium dendroideum Ground Pine
Lycopus rubellus Stalked Bugleweed
Lycopus uniflorus Bugleweed sp.
Lysimachia ciliata Fringed Loosestrife
Lysimachia radicans* Creeping Loosestrife
Lysimachia thyrsifolia Tufted Loosestrife
Maianthemum canadense Canada Mayflower
Matteucia struthiopteris pensylvanica Ostrich Fern
Mikania scandens* Climbing Hempweed
Mimulus alatus Winged Monkeyflower
Muhlenbergia frondosa Common Satin Grass
Nuphar advena Spatterdock
Nyssa aquatica* Water Tupelo
Nyssa sylvatica Black Gum
Onoclea sensibilis Sensitive Fern
Osmunda cinnamomea Cinnamon Fern
Osmunda regalis spectabilis Royal Fern
Paspalum fluitans Swamp Bead Grass
Pedicularis lanceolata Swamp Betony
Peltandra virginica Arrow-Arum
Penstemon alluviorum* Lowland Beardtongue
Penthorum sedoides Ditch Stonecrop
Persicaria hydropiperoides Mild Waterpepper
Persicaria punctata Dotted Smartweed
Phlaris arundinacea Reed Canary Grass
Pilea pumila Clearweed
Planera americana* Water Elm
Platanthera clavellata Small Green Woodland Orchid
Platanthera flava Tubercled Orchid
Platanthera hyperborea huronensis Northern Green Orchid
Platanthera peramoena Purple Fringeless Orchid
Pluchea camphorata Camphorweed
Poa palustris Marsh Bluegrass
Populus heterophylla Swamp Cottonwood
Quercus bicolor Swamp White Oak
Quercus lyrata* Overcup Oak
Quercus palustris Pin Oak
Ranunculus ambigens* Water Plantain Spearwort
Ranunculus flabellaris Yellow Water Crowfoot
Ranunculus laxicaulis* Oblong-Leaved Spearwort
Ranunculus pensylvanicus Bristly Crowfoot
Ranunculus pusillus* Small Spearwort
Ranunculus sceleratus Cursed Crowfoot
Ranunculus septentrionalis Swamp Buttercup
Rhamnus alnifolia Alder Buckthorn
Rhynchospora corniculata Great Beaked Rush
Ribes americanum American Black Currant
Ribes triste Swamp Red Currant
Rosa palustris Swamp Rose
Rubus hispidus Swamp Dewberry
Rubus strigosus Wild Red Raspberry
Rumex altissimus Pale Dock
Rumex orbiculatus Great Water Dock
Rumex verticillata Swamp Dock
Salix bebbiana Bebb's Willow
Salix discolor Pussy Willow
Salix nigra Black Willow
Sambucus canadensis Common Elderberry
Sambucus racemosa pubens Red-Berried Elder
Samolus parviflorus Brookweed
Saururus cernuus Lizard's Tail
Saxifraga pensylvanica Swamp Saxifrage
Scirpus atrovirens Dark Green Bulrush
Scutellaria lateriflora Mad-Dog Skullcap
Senecio aureus Golden Ragwort
Silphium perfoliatum Cup Plant
Solidago gigantea Giant Goldenrod
Solidago patula Swamp Goldenrod
Spermacoce glabra Smooth Buttonweed
Sphagnum spp. Sphagnum Moss
Stachys spp. Bugleweed
Stellaria longifolia Long-Leaved Chickweed
Styrax americanum Storax
Symplocarpus foetidus Skunk Cabbage
Taxodium distichum* Bald Cypress
Thalictrum dasycarpum Purple Meadow Rue
Thelypteris palustris pubescens Marsh Fern
Torreyochloa pallida
(syn. Puccinellia pallida)
Swamp Manna Grass
Tracaulon arifolium
(syn. Polygonum arifolium)
Halberd-Leaved Tear-Thumb
Tracaulon sagittatum
(syn. Polygonum sagittatum)
Tear-Thumb
Trachelospermum difforme* Climbing Dogbane
Triadenum tubulosum* Large Marsh St. John's Wort
Trepocarpus aethusae* Trepocarpus sp.
Typha latifolia Common Cattail
Urtica chamaedryoides* Swamp Nettle
Valerianella spp. (excluding Valerianella radiata) Corn Salad spp.
Veronica americana American Speedwell
Viburnum trilobum High-Bush Cranberry
Viola blanda Sweet White Violet
Viola cucullata Marsh Violet
Vitis palmata Catbird Grape

* swamps in southern Illinois, sandy swamps

Return to Wetland Homepage